The Great Harbor or the Eastern Harbor was formed by two stone moels one of which was meters longthe tips of which were m apart, though underwater obstacles reduced this opening to two entrances, and m wide, respectively.
The Pharos was described by many ancient authors and was depicted on coins of the Roman period. It was the sole option until anew acoustic system was developed in Martin, Shalaan, The light was produced by a furnace at the top, and the tower was said to have been built mostly with solid blocks of limestone.
Empereur concluded that the site contained blocks 90 percent of which are granite that once belonged to the lighthouse, and remains of some other buildings that existed on the island of Pharos, such as the temple of Isis Pharia.
Dover Publications Woods, Mary B. The structure was topped by the statue of Poseidon, The pharos lighthouse of alexandria essay Greek God of Sea. From their writings we can also gather that the Pharos had become a watchtower from which the threatening ships of the men of Byzantium might be seen.
However, this system is limited by the effects of the swell, and could only be employed close to the shore when the sea was calm. It is possible to go diving and see the ruins.
Naturally, there are even proposals to build an underwater museum here. The divers immediately start work to free the sphinx with the air-filled balloons. The Globe and Mail. Ancient Secrets in Dirty Water. Archived from the original on March 10, Objects such as cannon, military costumes, utensils for daily use, and coins were salvaged from the site.
InKemal Abul-Saadat, a young diver searching for fish at a depth of 24 feet, spotted fragments of an immense statue, one alone measuring more than 20 feet long.
The lighthouse was constructed in the 3rd century BC. For many years in Alexandria, tales were told of fabulous statues and engraved blocks scattered across the sea floor just outside the Eastern Harbor. In the descriptions of later Arab geographers the destruction wrought upon the great lighthouse by earthquakes featured prominently.
Empereur and his team are still in the process of piecing together the scattered remains of what is almost certainly the Pharos lighthouse. It was built at a staggering cost and used a considerable amount of slave labor. Based upon these finds, the Egyptian government abandoned the idea of a breakwater and planned instead an underwater park where divers could view the many statues, stone sphinxes, and remains of the lighthouse.
Finally the stubby remnant disappeared inwhen the then- Sultan of EgyptQaitbaybuilt a medieval fort on the larger platform of the lighthouse site using some of the fallen stone. In this process, it is hoped that more clues as to the origin and destruction of the illustrious beacon of the ancient world would emerge.
When Ibn al-Shaikh visited Pharos init was no longer used as a lighthouse, though it was still in good shape to a large extent, and a mosque stood at its very top Sarton, Runestone Press More essays like this: The Romano-Jewish historian Josephus 37 — c. He had been called in by the Egyptian government to map anything of archaeological significance in this underwater area before a concrete breakwater was erected over the site.
This work was the backbone of later CEA survey missions. Further, pieces often lie on top of one another in the sea water.
For centuries, it majestically withstood the storms of tide and time. The height they give varies only fifteen per cent from c. The lighthouse is featured as a wonder in the strategy game, Total War: A stylised representation of the lighthouse appears on the flag and seal of the Governorate and on many public services of the city, including the seal of Alexandria University.
But it took arduous work to bring these archeological treasures to light. The hi-tech era in fact commenced in when Franck Goddio and his Paris-based European Institute for Underwater Archaeology originally began to electronically map the Eastern Harbour.The Pharos Lighthouse of Alexandria Ben Davis Thesis Statement: The Pharos Lighthouse of Alexandria earns its place among the Seven Wonders of the World because of the engineering and building expertise required to make the tallest lighthouse, ever, To the Lighthouse Essay.
The Lighthouse of Alexandria, sometimes called the Pharos of Alexandria, was a lighthouse built by the Ptolemaic Kingdom, during the reign Ptolemy II Philade. The Pharos Lighthouse of Alexandria Ben Davis Thesis Statement: The Pharos Lighthouse of Alexandria earns its place among the Seven Wonders of the World because of the engineering and building expertise required to make the tallest lighthouse, ever, in the world.
The Lighthouse of Alexandria, Alexandria and Pharos were later connected by a mole spanning more than metres mi), which was called the Heptastadion ("seven stadia"—a stadium was a Greek unit of length measuring approximately m).
The east side of the mole became the Great Harbour, now an open bay; on the west side lay the Location: Pharos, Alexandria, Egypt. The Pharos Lighthouse of Alexandria – An Archeological Perspective Essay Sample. Ben was poring over the book, and he soon started copying the picture.
The Pharos Lighthouse of Alexandria Essay The Pharos Lighthouse of Alexandria Ben Davis Thesis Statement: The Pharos Lighthouse of Alexandria earns its place among the Seven Wonders of the World because of the engineering and building expertise required to make the tallest lighthouse, ever, in .Download