The Celtic Revival stimulated a new appreciation of traditional Irish literature. The West End is the main theatre district in the UK. Their Victorian era comic operas introduced innovations in content and form that directly influenced the development of musical theatre through the 20th century.
At the same time, there was a burgeoning theatre sector featuring a diet of low melodrama and musical burlesque ; but critics described British theatre as driven by commercialism and a "star" system. Lloyd Webber has worked with producer Cameron Mackintoshlyricist Tim Riceactor Michael Crawford originated the title role in The Phantom of the Operaactress and singer Sarah Brightmanwhile his musicals originally starred Elaine Paige originated the role of Grizabella in Cats and had a chart hit with " Memory "who with continued success has become known as the First Lady of British Musical Theatre.
In Julya board was set up to supervise construction of a National Theatre in London, and a separate board was constituted to run a National Theatre Company and lease the Old Vic theatre. The highest accolade in British theatre, the Olivier Awardsare named after him.
In Scotland the poetry of Robert Burns revived interest in Scots literature, and the Weaver Poets of Ulster were influenced by literature from Scotland. It is awarded each year in early October for the best original novel, written in English and published in the UK.
A National Theatre of Scotland was set up in Gilbert and composer Arthur Sullivannurtured their collaboration, and had their first success with Trial by Jury.
A change came in the late 19th century with the plays on the London stage by the Irishmen George Bernard Shaw and Oscar Wildewho influenced domestic English drama and revitalised it.
EliotJohn Betjeman and Dylan Thomas. A Vindication of the Rights of Womanby Mary Wollstonecraftis one of the earliest works of feminist philosophy. Literature of the United Kingdom At its formation, the United Kingdom inherited the literary traditions of England, Scotland and Wales, including the earliest existing native literature written in the Celtic languagesOld English literature and more recent English literature including the works of Geoffrey ChaucerWilliam Shakespeare and John Milton.
In Wales the late 18th century saw the revival of the eisteddfod tradition, inspired by Iolo Morganwg. Opened inthe Theatre Royal at the Bristol Old Vic is the oldest continually-operating theatre in the English speaking world.
The UK has remained among the largest publishers of books. His poem If— is a national favourite. WodehouseMartin AmisJ. These forms flourished at the expense of other forms of English drama, which went into a long period of decline. Theatre of the United Kingdom From its formation inthe United Kingdom has had a vibrant tradition of theatre, much of it inherited from England and Scotland.
The early 18th century is known as the Augustan Age of English literature. Rowling making up the top five on the list. By the early 19th century it was no longer represented by stage plays at all, but by the closet dramaplays written to be privately read in a "closet" a small domestic room.
Important British poets of the 20th century include Rudyard KiplingW.
BallardBeatrix PotterA. The English novel developed in the 20th century into much greater variety and it remains today the dominant English literary form.
Popular entertainment became more important in this period than ever before, with fair-booth burlesque and mixed forms that are the ancestors of the English music hall. The Scottish Renaissance of the early 20th century brought modernism to Scottish literature as well as an interest in new forms in the literatures of Scottish Gaelic and Scots.
Virginia Woolf was a leading modernist writer of the 20th century.Download-Theses Mercredi 10 juin The culture of the United Kingdom is influenced by the UK's history as a developed state, a liberal democracy and a great power; its predominantly Christian religious life; and its composition of four countries—England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland—each of which has distinct customs, cultures and billsimas.com wider culture of Europe has also influenced British culture, and.
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