An analysis of the electoral college in the united states

This is because each of these states is entitled to one representative and two senators. By the way, with a few minor changes here and there [mostly dealing with the number of certificates and to whom they are to be sent: The so-called "Virginia Plan", submitted to the Convention on 29 May by Edmund Randolph of Virginia, called for a "national executive" purposely leaving its makeup unstated "to be chosen by the national legislature" for a deliberately unstated term of office.

The Democratic Republicans now basically consisted of two warring factions: Still, there was no guarantee that the Amendment would be ratified in time for the upcoming Election, but- lucky break 5? On 1 Marchthe Electoral Commission formally announced the results of its work and disbanded; the following day, the two houses of Congress met once more in Joint Session to ratify these results and Rutherford B.

Doing so, however, would require adopting a constitutional amendment by a two-thirds vote of both chambers of Congress and ratification by three-fourths of the states. Presidential results maps The electoral map is important.

The number of electors in each state is the sum of its U. Grant on 29 Januarywhich created- for resolving that election only- a member Electoral Commission 5 members from the Democrat-controlled House of Representatives, 5 from the Republican-controlled Senate and 5 from the U.

Vice President Jefferson presided over what has to be looked upon as one of the strangest Congressional sessions in History and had the dubious pleasure of announcing the tie between himself and Burr, whereupon the House rose and repaired to "immediately chuse" the next President.

Massachusetts returned to its system- 1 Elector elected by popular vote per district, a majority necessary to elect- the An analysis of the electoral college in the united states Court making the choice where candidates failed of this requirement there would, once again, be 2 at-large Electors ; New Hampshire also returned to its system- a "General Ticket" popular vote for Electors, a majority being necessary to elect and the General Court making the choice where candidates failed to meet this provision.

There, they cast a ballot for president and a second for vice president. Miller identifies the state of affairs of the elections where the eventual victor. Pursuant to the provisions of the Act, the two houses immediately retired to separately vote on this issue; both "concurred" that the vote of the "faithless Elector" should be counted as cast and then immediately returned to Joint Session to complete the tabulation of the Electoral Vote and the announcement of the result.

However, as of this writing, neither Maine nor Nebraska has ever failed to cast its entire Electoral Vote for the statewide winner- despite these districting provisions, showing that allocating the Electoral Vote by district is an empty gesture unless it is done by a large State in population and no large State has an incentive to so water down its influence on the outcome of the presidential election by so dividing its significant Electoral Vote!

The rules further stated, "[I]f a majority of the number of senators shall vote for either the said Richard M. The new Volunteer State brought an unusual system to its choice of Presidential Electors- a relatively short-lived one which was destined never to be emulated by any other State: The famed Lincoln—Douglas debatesreputedly held during a U.

Only two States were still choosing Presidential Electors by legislature: Additionally, delegations from at least two thirds of all the states must be present for voting to take place. After the election, each state prepares seven Certificates of Ascertainment, each listing the candidates for president and vice president, their pledged electors, and the total votes each candidacy received.

A candidate must receive a majority of electoral votes to be elected president. The 17th Amendment made senators subject to direct election, and the 19th Amendment gave women the right to vote.

Why does the U. Under the 12th Amendment, the Senate would- voting as individuals and not as States and interesting difference from the procedure used by the House when it has to choose the President!

In the United States, electoral votes are currently required to win the presidential election. Clay had thrown his support behind J.

Electoral College (United States)

A more fair-minded politician than Burr might have stepped aside, knowing that he was intended to be merely Vice President: The vote remained unchanged through 35 ballots over 6 days in which the House could consider no other legislation, by the way!

If the Vice President- at the seat of government Philadelphia in As we look at the county level data for the results, we can see what exit polling began to show us.

This was a result of the fear of executive power engendered as a result of the American Revolution: An objection supported by at least one senator and one representative will be followed by the suspension of the joint session and by separate debates and votes in each House of Congress; after both Houses deliberate on the objection, the joint session is resumed.

Nomination[ edit ] Candidates for elector are nominated by state chapters of nationally oriented political parties in the months prior to Election Day. No one wanted a repeat of with the candidate of one "faction" as President and the other as Vice President Tony Roza, Webmaster, E-Mail: Third-party candidates with broad national support are generally penalized in the electoral college—as was Ross Perotwho won 19 percent of the popular vote in and no electoral votes—though candidates with geographically concentrated support—such as Dixiecrat candidate Strom Thurmondwho won 39 electoral votes in with just over 2 percent of the national vote—are occasionally able to win electoral votes.

Critical Analysis of the US Electoral College Essay

Why does the United States have an Electoral College when it would be so easy to directly elect a president, as we do for all the other political offices?

This mythology is further bolstered by a tendency to view the Constitutional Convention as having been well above the fray of ordinary Politics: Clinton won 43 and 49 percent of the popular vote, respectively, and 69 and 70 percent of the electoral vote.- The Electoral College is the United States' archaic process of electing presidents.

It was established in the Constitution as a compromise between election by Congress and election by popular vote. Each state is given a specific number of electors based on the number of its U.S.

Representatives and Senators (NARA). Electoral college: Electoral college, the system by which the president and vice president of the United States are chosen.

It was devised by the framers of the United States Constitution to provide a method of election that was feasible, desirable, and consistent with a republican form of government. For the results. The Office of the Federal Register coordinates the functions of the Electoral College on behalf of the Archivist of the United States, the States, the Congress, and the American People.

The Office of the Federal Register operates as an intermediary between the governors and secretaries of state of the States and the Congress. Nov 09,  · The Electoral College is a group of people that elects the president and the vice president of the United States. (The word “college” in this case simply refers to an organized body of people engaged in a common task.) As voters head to the polls on Tuesday, they will not vote for the presidential candidates directly, in a popular vote.

Analysis of the US Electoral College In the United States. the Electoral College system is used to elect the President from viing campaigners from either the Republican Party. the Democratic Party of independent campaigners. Analysis of the Electoral College Many people argue that the Electoral College is an outdated system.

The Reason for the Electoral College

is defined as “a body of electors chosen by the voters of each state to elect the President and Vice President of the United States”. The Electoral College system has been a staple in the United States since the ratification of The.

An analysis of the electoral college in the united states
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