This is perhaps an attempt to show the absurdity of the Greek army, changing positions from fleeing to brazenness as flowers are to the field of death. A continued awareness of the open communication between poet and audience allows a closer approach to the artistry of Homer himself.
In Book Twelve we have Polypoetes and Leonteus, defending the gate of the wall to the Greek ships from the invasion of the Trojans. The Usefulness of Book Divisions In studying the interdependency of the similes and their larger narrative contexts—thus, how a simile fits into its "book"—I have tried to select the books where the number of similes is the greatest.
There is evidence for Homer favoring the Trojans, at least literarily, in this poem. His sorrow is terrible, but he cannot go unarmed into the fray to rescue the body of Patroclus. Achilles in his vengeance pushes back the enemy to the banks of the River Xanthus, and so many are the bodies of the Trojans choking the river that at length the god of the river speaks to Achilles, ordering him to cease throwing their bodies into his waters.
The gods, too, ask Achilles to curb his wrath and restore the Trojan warrior to his own people, and so Achilles receives King Priam with respect, grants his request, and agrees to a twelve-day truce that both sides might properly bury and mourn their dead.
Thus did Menelaus, good at the war shout, go from Patroclus The clearest example is at book 15 of the Iliad lines —38which would read as follows if the similes were extracted: Achilles, still wrathful, threatens to sail for home at the break of day.
It is common for a character to be given a simile when he is introduced into the narrative. In the first section Achilles rejects the feelings of his mother, the dysaristotokeia, the woman who bore the best of men to her own sorrow, and thinks only of his wounded honor The first and second are the descriptions of the breastplate and the shield of Agamemnon embedded in his arming scene The next day when a boar unexpectedly appears during the hunt, Odysseus is eager to kill it.
That night he steals to the camp of the wise man, Nestor, to ask his help in a plan to defeat the Trojans. Agamemnon is troubled by the proud refusal of Achilles. There, he and Agamemnon are reconciled before the assembly of the Greeks, and he goes out to battle with them. There is often development within the simile—the story seems to go back to an earlier moment that is set in motion and then catches up to the present.
Zeus then remembers his promise to Achilles to avenge the wrong done to him by Agamemnon. Upon seeing shirkers of the front line of battle he likens them to "frightened fawns who, when they can no longer scud over the plain huddle together.
Instead of isolating favorite similes for comment, the whole series of similes within a unified section of the narrative must be coordinated with one another and with the thematic design of the unit; only then is the understanding of any one simile possible.
The Trojan army comes from the gates of the city ready to combat the Greeks. Hector mortally wounds Patroclus and strips from his body the armor of Achilles.
Book 5, the aristeia of Diomedes, is centered on his attacks on Aphrodite and Ares; book 6 is one where warriors refuse to fight and instead turn to broader considerations of family and friends: This study of eleven chosen books depends on demonstrating how closely the design of the similes follows broader thematic developments in each narrative section.
He summons all the gods and forbids them to take part in the war. As a result this book in its entirety is the appropriate introduction to the aristeia of Achilles—a campaign successful and sweeping, but also dehumanizing and repellent.
While Paris makes ready for battle, Hector says good-bye to Andromache, prophesying that Troy will be defeated, himself killed, and Andromache taken captive.
The beggar contains within him the combination of abilities and the spirit needed to make him the victor in the contest of the bow, but these qualities are evident only to those who know how to read the tokens as Eurycleia does openly—and Penelope does secretly.
The next day the Trojans press hard upon the Greeks with great slaughter. When the goddesses attempt to intervene, Zeus sends down his messengers to warn them to desist. The method I used for examining these examples is exceptionally difficult. The notable laughing at the end is something that is singularly Trojan.
Book 19 opens with the removal of the arms from the hall. When Agamemnon sees that treacherous deed the armies are in agreement at that moment not to fighthe revokes his vows of peace and exhorts the Greeks once more to battle. When evening comes the Greeks and the Trojans retire to their camps.
Then Achilles decks himself in the glittering armor that the lame god of fire prepared for him and strides forth to the beach. It is decided that two warriors will steal into the Trojan camp to determine its strength and numbers.In the eighteenth book of Homer’s Iliad Hephaistos makes a new shield for Achilles.
2 The description of this shield is one can even meaningfully speak of a modified economy and extension in the usage of the simile. But the greatest piece of evidence for the existence of the simileme is the regularity with which similes of a single family. The Iliad by Homer. Home / Literature / The Iliad / Analysis ; The Iliad Analysis Literary Devices in The Iliad.
Symbolism, Imagery, Allegory. When and how characters eat is extremely important to the symbolic texture of the Iliad. As you may have noticed, eating is a major social occasion for the Achaian warriors (this is maybe not so su.
This lesson will specifically examine how the epic simile contributes to Homer's classic, 'The Iliad'. Epic Similes in The Iliad Related Study Materials.
The Iliad is an epic poem and part of the ancient Greek oral tradition. Homer’s audience was an illiterate culture, and Homer himself was most likely illiterate.
Many critics believe that. In The Iliad similes are used to convey detailed images to the audience. The utilization of imagery is especially prevalent in epic poetry because of its oral tradition.
Similes allowed the speaker to make a connection with his audience and render the story more vividly. The similes Homer used in. Iliad study guide contains a biography of Homer, literature essays, a complete e-text, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis.Download